three crowns and phased implantation
The future low emissions zone (ZBE) of Reus will be structured around three rings with different degrees of limitation for polluting vehicles. These three will not be deployed at the same time, but their implementation will be carried out "in phases", as explained to the Daily the Councilor for Urban Planning, Marina Berasategui, who indicates that "in 2023 we must be clear about what we will apply." Restaurateurs and merchants ask that distribution be respected and parking facilitated, and residents demand that public transport reach all neighborhoods.
In detail, according to Berasategui, in the low-emission zone "there will be a central area with a restricted character that will correspond to the dynamics of this part of the city that is already very pacified, as the center itself is, and of which we will define the perimeter". Beyond it, "another area with a different system of limitations, which will be more peripheral", and yet a third "which would be considered much more in the future and which would be practically the periphery" will be drawn up.
All will be articulated "with a more or less concentric distribution" and starting from the nucleus, although "we are finishing fine-tuning where exactly the lines are going to run." The periodization "will be different for each one," insists the councilor, who says that "we will end up developing the zones progressively, not the three from the beginning." The first would be the most central to then expand the filters to the outside.
The denomination of the zones would be: Ultra-low Emissions Zone, Low Emissions Zone and Expandable Low Emissions Zone. The government already announced some time ago that the system, mandatory as Reus has more than 50,000 inhabitants, would go beyond the Tomb of Ravals.
The entry into force of the restrictions will come slowly. "It will have to be done with many collateral checks and with diffusion," underlines Berasategui, who emphasizes that "this is the distribution, but the application will be seen over time and will be friendly." Low emission zones discourage the circulation of polluting vehicles to reduce CO2 concentrations and move towards more sustainable mobility. The council has received 400,000 euros from Next Generation and sees the pedestrianization of Raval de Santa Anna as a good test bench. "By 2023, we must have a clear project and, from that, start," specifies the councilor.
This summer, the City Council published a draft of the new Urban Mobility Plan (PMU) in which the low emission zone was included. In it, a first crown girded to the nucleus was outlined, another one delimited by the main avenues and a third one that included some more distant neighborhoods of the nucleus. However, municipal sources assure that it is a map that was outdated and that a new one is being prepared that will reflect the scope of the ZBE. In April, the consultancy services to draft the project and the construction management were put out to tender, with a budget of 24,200 euros and an execution period of two months.
Delivery, parking and coach
Those who, for their businesses, use services that involve mobility ask that the low-emission zone take them into account. It is the case of the restaurateurs. When asked about it, the vice president of the Guild of Restauradors de Reus, Víctor Perales, wonders "how is this going to end up affecting us?"
"We rely heavily on delivery trucks and I don't think they're exactly low-emissions," he says. And he recalls that «these are vehicles that cost a million, often the companies are not there to change them and in some places it is already being seen that they prefer fines; And it ends up being a problem. "The low-emissions zone is fine, but we must bear in mind that we really need them to come," Perales points out, and demands that "the approaches have exceptions and adapt to reality." The guild is awaiting a new meeting of the Taula de Restauració to formulate its questions on this subject.
As for the merchants, the president of the Unió de Botiguers de Reus, Meritxell Barberà, values that "everything that is to improve the sustainability of the planet favors us all". With part of the core already pedestrianized, Barberà explains that "reaching the door of the establishment by car is no longer" and "when you travel, most European cities prioritize pedestrians in their cores."
Barberà asks, yes, that "loading and unloading can be done normally for the proper functioning of the stores and that the neighbors can come and go." And in order not to harm customers, the low-emission zone "must be accompanied by car parks that allow access to the center in a maximum of 5-10 minutes." "In addition to those that exist, the Hispània car park is going to help because it will absorb more cars," he concludes. The draft of the PMU outlines the mobility of the future in Reus and reflects that the city has 24,045 spaces in the white area on the road. There are 66,924 vehicles.
The neighborhood point of view is put by the president of the Federació d'Associacions de Veïns de Reus (FAVR), Marcos Massó. Despite admitting that "any measure for the environment is welcome", Massó recalls that where the car does not go, other transport systems, such as the bus, will have to go. And this "still does not provide service in some points such as the Blancafort and Aigüesverds urbanizations".
Coordinated model with surrounding cities, such as Tarragona
“Cities must apply and manage low emission areas at the municipal level, but we clearly understand that we must have an act of regional or metropolitan responsibility in the sense that we cannot give very different instructions in one city and another when there is internal mobility. very large," says Berasategui. This is the case, for example, "of Reus and Tarragona", she details, and says that "communication must be highly coordinated and very easy to understand and put into practice for the users of the two cities". For this reason, "it is likely that, at some point, perhaps the city councils will be able to agree on an integrated system, although it is something that still has to be achieved."
In Reus, the low emission zone will include access control points and a fiber optic telecommunications network that connects them, a computerized entry control system and air quality and noise measurement points.